Sustainability is at the core of KAUST’s mission and vision. As the world’s population is increasing, we need efficient resource management specially food, water, energy and environment have to be preserved and maintained well for a healthy, happy and peaceful world. In that regard, KAUST has specific research focus in the general area of sustainability. KAUST has several research centers entirely dedicated to fundamental scientific exploration and engineering innovation in desert agriculture, water desalination and reuse, Red Sea marine environment, solar and photovoltaic and clean combustion. Additionally individual KAUST faculty have been pursuing cutting edge research in these directions. Often they form groups and clusters to strengthen their competency and complementarity. Recently KAUST has taken major initiatives in sensors to promote Internet of Things (IoTs) for smart living and sustainable world.