The Frontiers of Information Technology
For decades, computing power has doubled roughly every two years — an observation knownas Moore’s Law. These technological advances have relied on making transistors increasinglysmaller, thereby enabling each computer chip to have more functionality and calculating power.During this time, IBM has invented many new ways to shrink transistors and fundamentalinnovations to improve performance, most recently demonstrating a 7nm node test chip withpartners GLOBALFOUNDRIES and Samsung.
IBM continues to aggressively pursue disruptive technologies such as III/V compoundsemiconductors and carbon nanotubes for logic devices, magnetoresistive and phase changematerials for memory, and 3D stacking and integrated silicon nanophotonics for high bandwidthand communications.
Yet despite all of these innovative technologies, increasing the density of transistors will ceasewhen length-scales reach atomic dimensions. This raises the fundamental question of what isnext? What is the future of information technology beyond scaling and traditional computing?
The physical sciences must be marshaled to make matter compute in new ways so that we cancreate a future beyond Moore’s Law. It is critical to realize that software alone will not deliversustained exponential speedups. The very nature of computing must be reimagined. Relaxingthe constraints imposed by the von Neumann architecture allows for transformational computemethods such as quantum computing and brain-inspired computing extended all the way to thedevice level.
Furthermore, we must create a partnership between humans and computers to scale andaugment our expertise resulting in better and faster decisions. It is said that the nature ofhuman-computer interfaces, and the fluidity of data in and out of our bodies and minds will betransformed – in short, data must be experienced.
Finally, we have to continue a tradition that traces back to Galileo -- making the invisible visible.Whether it is observing molecules down to the subatomic level to understand fundamentalproperties, observing biological molecules to more quickly understand biological systems, usingmultiple new segments of the electromagnetic spectrum to create an observing platform thatsees in new ways, or looking at data from multiple sources at the geographic length-scale tomake new insights and take control actions on a large system, all of these are examples of howtechnology and data are able to let us see and act in new ways.
This presentation will showcase the importance of technology innovation for improvingsustainability and creating new opportunities by so far unforeseen industry collaborations.